London project, 2010

The aim of this project is that students living in London for the first time can know this city through this project. We are going to figure out some elements around us.

Ideas

London has lot of popularity of various exhibitions, galleries and museums, as we knew. However, we are missing the important museum which is the River Thames. I have chosen this topic for my London project. Because the river is the water which is vital source for us. Can you imagine to live without water? This is fact that we can not live without water like breathing. Also, our body is consisted of over the 70% water. Every things needs the water. However, in the past time, they used to throw every used things into the river before 1900. When they are getting to realize that they should have preserved their main resources for next generation. After 1900, they have tried to keep clean and purify the river. The U.K government has being spent big amount of money in order to change it. Going backward, I have a question that Could we figure out past time by collecting objects on the river? Answer is that we can do. It calls archaeology. Looking for objects from the foreshore let me know about yesterday London. This project will be focused on research rather than practical design. In my opinion, this project will give me good change to explore London that I will live for a long time.

Process

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Concept video

Information of River Thames

The River Thames is a major river flowing through southern England. While it is best known because its lower reaches flow through central London, the river flows through several other towns and cities, including Oxford and Windsor. The Thames is the second longest river in the U.K and the longest river entirely in England. It rises at Thames Head in Gloucestershire, and flows into the North Sea at the Thames Estuary. It has a special significance in flowing through London, the capital of the United Kingdom, although London only includes a short part of its course. The river is tidal in London with a rise and fall of 7 meters

Site research

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Site A : Millbank, Westminster, London SW1P, UK
Site B : Victoria, embankment Westminster, London SW1A 2, UK
Site C : Millennium Bridge, City of London, EC4V 3, UK
Site D : Broomhouse Lane, Hammersmith, Greater London SW6 3, UK

Daily notes

3rd August 2010

Today is the first day to concentrate finding some phenomenon or some interesting things in the river Thames. I visited vauxhall bridge road where is around pimlico station and tate britain gallery. I noticed that level of the river Thames was changing. So I recorded it while the tide was coming in the river at 15:57.

4th August 2010

I visited vauxhall bridge road again to check the level of river Thames at 17:40. At that time, also it was continuing to increase level of the river. I recorded this scene again after then i made concept video(top of this page) to show the phenomenon that proved level of the river is variable. I made this movie to change the speed more quickly than normal in order to show the tide effectively. You can realize that level is changing on the video.

4Graphs analysis

There are two different graphs: 4th and 5th of August that illustrated the tide of the river Thames. I found that the top and bottom point have being changed by time. The tide in the river Thames have emerged two time in a day. Also, they have about 11 hours intervals between peak points. I supposed that the river Thames has been returned a cycle every 14 days.

7th August 2010

I needed the site research, because there are lot of spot to be revealed some interesting things. I fixed range from the vauxhall bridge to the tower bridge. Total distance is around 6.5km. Today, I walked along the north embankment. It took around 2 hours. so I discovered three places where are millbank, Westminster and embankment, Westminster and millennium bridge, City of London. Those sites allow me to access the river Thames.

8th August 2010

Last year, I visited London for holiday. At that time, I heard fantastic information from my friend that we could find out some interesting objects in foreshore of the river Thames. We went to the river Thames and we got some fragments of potteries. Each piece has different patterns, shape and color. I have fancied to investigate and create them. After then, I found some conclusive proof that there were few factory for pottery in 1850. This company was “Doulton & Co”. They had manufactured stonewares and earthenwares at Lambeth in London from 1854 to 1956 and also at Burslem, Stoke-on-Trent where porcelains were also made from 1882 to present day. This company represented industry of pottery in the U.K. That is the way how I could be able to collect some fragments from the river Thames.

Doulton & Co., Albert Embankment, Lambeth North, c. 1840
An early view of Doulton and Watts pottery works at Lambeth.

Imperial Potteries, Lambeth North, c. 1860
This sheet contained a mix of industrial and residential properties and on the left can be seen the top of a bottle kiln, part of John Cliffs Imperial Potteries.

Royal Doulton website
History of Lambeth website

10th August 2010

10

Today, I went to site C at 9:20. Because, according to predicted graph, today lower point will be at 9 o'clock. It seemed water has gone out too far. Site C is suitable place to study the Thames river. Rest of them are consist of mud and gravels, however, site C has dried gravels. That's why Site C is majority visiting. Today, I got something special piece which is bottom part of cup. It has remained one part that has round shape, although it had been under the water for a long time.

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11th August 2010

Victoria albert museum in South kensington has a ceramic exhibition in the top floor. I think, this exhibition can help me to find antique potteries. As my thought, there are a lot of potteries arranged by time, country and artists. Especially, Britain history potteries part has Royal Doulton that is pottery company established 1850‘s and collected fragments from foreshore came from this company, I suppose. The exhibition has workshops, multimedia room and even giving materials to us for research such as images and annotation.

Victoria and Albert museum Ceramic Exhibition website
Museum of London Ceramic website

13th August 2010

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Today, I categorized those fragments. I recognized that I have some stripe patterned fragments. Those colors are blue, beige, white, black and brown. Through just part of pottery, I could not create original pattern. However, I can imagine that this stripe pattern seems to be repeated on the pottery, also each pottery has just three or five pattern which means small amount of pattern it has.

14th August 2010

Today, I added one more site Putney bridge where is in South of London. Because, I took part in activity for cleaning the river thames. This activity was organized by Theams21. The aim of this organization try to make clean the river thames. They prepared some volunteering and seminar. Today, I participated in volunteering in Putney bridge. Today experience was little bit different from common day. First, surface of foreshore was mud. In addition, I collected some rubbish rather than fragments. At the same time, I tried to find fragment, however, I could not find any fragments. probably, this area did not have objects that I am finding. Through this volunteering, I realized that the fragments can be collected depanding on areas.

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15th August 2010

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I collected some brown colored fragments. It shows differnt color and material. I think it was made by terracotta-style, therefore this color is differnt from other fragments. Also, some of this categorized framents did not corverd with glaze. I guess that size of this original pottery was bigger than others and it used to be big pot or jar.

17th August 2010

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According to book which is "The doulton lambeth wares" by Desmind eyles, potteries industry between 1800s to 1900s, they had been changed their style by time. For examples, early age, some animal pattern used to be engraved on the pottery after then flower and natural object were engraved, finally, simple pattern was engraved on it in 1940’s. This fragments seem to be made in 1900's, because they have floral pattern on it.

18th August 2010

18

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Those fragments have different fact that it used other method of decoration. The pattern was embossed on the pottery. It was probably dishes or plates, because thickness of fragments are thin. Also, decoration pattern was engraved edge of the dishes.

19th August 2010

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This category is a last one in that I had 6 different categories. This pattern looks interesting and attractive, because there is some order to make this pattern and repeat same shapes. I considered that this pattern seems to like geometrical shape representation modern age. If I pick up the best category in my collection, geometrical shape is best one. The reason is that we could not predict how their formation and shape will be changed. I was inspired by this category in that they have geometrical shape. I would like to develop my idea by using this repeated way. I can create an unpredictable shape of sculpture or even drawing through those fragments. After research, I will find out way how do I attach each fragment and design new shape of dishes or pattern.

22th August 2010

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Graphs analysis

Two graphs show different day’s level of water in the river thames. As I mentioned before, their cycle will be changed after 14 days. This is proof that you can compare with two graphs. They have really similar peak point in nearly same time. Therefore, it has two times changing their cycle in a month. I think every phenomenon happened around us linked with other resources. Looking back my research, I tried to find pattern of fragment in the pattern of the nature and time.